Appendix 1: Specific Search Terms
Specific SCI rehabilitation topics were identified by a multi-disciplinary team of expert scientists, clinicians, consumers with SCI and policy-makers. These specific topics were searched with additional keywords generated from expert scientists and clinicians in SCI rehabilitation familiar with the topic and more titles and abstracts are reviewed. MeSH headings were used with the keywords. Key words were paired with spinal cord injury, tetraplegia, quadriplegia or paraplegia. The reference lists of previous review articles, systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines were hand searched. It is known that hand searching may provide higher rates of return than electronic searching within a particular subject area (Hopewell et al. 2002).
Autonomic Dysreflexia: AD, autonomic, dysreflexia, hyperreflexia, midodrine, fludrocortisone, beta-blockers, Viagra, nifedipine, phenazopyridine
Bladder Management: bladder, bladder functioning, catheter, catheterization, neurogenic bladder, incontinence, oxybuytnin, valsalva, crede, suprapubic catheterization, intermittent catheterization, stimulation, bladder stimulation, electrical stimulation, sphincterotomy, ileoreterostomy, anticholergics, tolterodine, intervention, bladder management, UTI, Mitrofanoff, MESH – SCI & neurogenic (plus catheter) (plus treatment) (plus intervention)
Bone Health: alendronate, Amino-bisphosphonates, bone + fracture, bone health, cyclic etidonate, exercise therapy, FES, heterotopic ossification, incidence + fracture, osteoporosis, pamidronate, skeletal + fracture, vibration
Bowel Management: bowel management, cisapride, colonic, colostomy, constipation, dietary fibre, hemorrhoids, incontinence, irregular, laxative, neurogenic bowel, suppositories
Cardiovascular Health: aerobic fitness, blood pressure, cardiac output, cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular fitness, coronary heart disease, endothelium, endurance performance, epoetin alfa, exercise, FES + blood pressure, fludrocortisone, glucose intolerance, glucose sensitivity, hydralazine, lipid, lipid + metabolism, maximal aerobic power (VO2max), neuromuscular + blood, nifedipine, orthostatic hypotension, oxygen consumption (VO2), phenazopyridine, physiotherapy + blood, stroke volume, thromboembolism, ventilation, ventilatory threshold
Depression: addiction, aging, alcohol abuse, antidepressants, anxiety, depression, drug abuse, drug therapy, gabaoentin, gender, gender differences, Iraq, intervention therapy, male and female, MDD, medication, military, military personnel, modafinal, pharmacological treatment, pharmacotherapy, psychosocial, PTSD, serotonin, service members, sexual health, sexual issues, sexuality, [specific researches: Krause, Noreau…], SSRI, substance abuse, veteran war, vocational issues, war effects, Zoloft.
Economic Costs: quality-adjusted life years, cost-benefit analysis, costs and cost analysis, economics, technology assessment, life expectancy, models, risk assessment, risk equation simulation model, spinal cord injuries.
Epidemiology: epidemiology, incidence, prevalence, etiology.
Heterotopic Ossification: heterotopic ossification, HO, excision surgery, etidronate, pharmacological, non-pharmacological, medication, radiation, treatment, intervention
Housing and Attendant Care: housing, public housing, independent living, independent living programs, housing for the elderly, homes for the aged, wheelchair accessible housing, disabled housing, social housing, visitability, non-profit housing, attendant care, personal care, personal support, home health aides, community heath nursing, community health services, health maintenance.
Lower Limb: 4-AP, 4-AP + ambulation, assisted walking device, walking, assisted rehabilitation device, biofeedback, body weight support, body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT), brace, bracing, Clonidine, Cyproheptadine, EMG + feedback, epidural stimulation / epidural lumbar stimulation, FES + muscle, flexibility, gait, gait + bracing, gait + orthotics, gait devices, GM-1 ganglioside, knee-ankle-foot, leg + bracing, leg + FES, locomotion, locomotor training, lower extremity spasticity, orthotics, orthotics + lower limb, parawalker, robotics, salbutamol, scott-craig knee ankle foot orthosis, spasticity management, stepping, stretching, treadmill, trendelenburg gait, Vannini-rizzoli stabilizing orthosis, virtual reality, walking, weakness
Nutrition: nutrition, diabetes, insulin, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, energy, energy requirements, energy expenditure, calories, caloric intake, weight, weight gain, obesity, overweight, prevention, body composition, nutrient, cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular, supplements, supplementation, dietary, diet, nutrition intervention, folate, fatty acids, pressure ulcers/sores, vitamin supplement, mineral, mineral supplement, zinc, iron, protein, hydration, cranberry, neurogenic bowel, bowel, fibre (dietary, soluble, insoluble), peristalsis, osteoporosis, osteopenia, creatine, anemia, hemoglobin, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, renal stone, kidney stone, urinary tract, hyperclacima, treatment, intervention, program, omega 3 fatty acids, fatty acids, bone density
Orthostatic Hypotension: orthostatic hypotension, dysreflexia, autonomic, hyperreflexia, midodrine, postural hypotension, orthostatic intolerance, orthostatic tolerance, orthostatic stress, blood flow, blood flow + exercise, blood pressure, blood vessel health
Pain Management: pain, pain treatment, pharmacology, surgery, surgical treatment, pain management, secondary complications, massage, heat, exercise, hypnotic, hypnosis, cannabinoids, acupuncture, TENS, antidepressants, medications,, FES, anaesthetic, antispastic, clindine, spinal cordotomy, neurosurgical, DREZotomy, dorsal rhizotomy, symapathectomy, spinaothalamic tractotomy.
Physical Activity: physical activity, exercise, spinal cord injury, tetraplegia, paraplegia, cardiovascular, secondary complications, UTI, bladder, spasticity, pain, pressure ulcers/sores, gait, motivation, participation, support, exercise tools, exercise aids, exercise instruments, exercise equipment, exercise assistive technology, endurance, function recovery, daily activity, psychological, well being, depression, anxiety, training program, FES, QOL, health, fitness, strength, atrophy, wheeling, hydrotherapy, treadmill, ergometry.
Pressure Sores: pressure sores, ulcers
Primary Care: primary health care, patient care team, multidisciplinary care team, community health services, general practice, physicians, family physicians, general practitioner, family doctor, case management, patient outreach, delivery of health care, integrated, transmural care, home care services, nurse liason, continuity of patient care, transitional rehabilitation, clinical practice guidelines, practice guidelines, outpatient clinic, ambulatory care facilities, health management, health education, outreach, telemedicine.
Rehabilitation Practice: ("rehabilitation"[Subheading] OR "Rehabilitation"[MeSH]) AND "Spinal Cord Injuries"[MeSH] AND "Treatment Outcome"[MeSH]
Respiratory Management: abdominal binder, acapello, assisted cough, asthma – incidence, prevalence, atelectasis, autogenic drainage, barotraumas, BiPAP, breathing exercises, bronchial lavage, bronchitis, bronchoscopy, cardiopulmonary function, chest physiotherapy, COPD – incidence, prevalence, CPAP, diaphragmatic pacemaker, dysphagia, exsufflation, flutter, flutter device, flutter valve, forced expiratory technique, Garshick, glossopharyngeal breathing, incentive spirometry, insufflation, intermittent positive pressure breathing, intrapulmonary percussive ventilation, IPPB stretch, manual percussion, manual vibration, mechanical vibration, paripep , PEP / PEEP, percussion, phrenic pacemaker, pneumonia - incidence, prevalence, positive pressure breathing, postural drainage, progressive ventilatory free breathing, pulmonary capacity, pulmonary complications – incidence, prevalence, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary health, pulmonary secretions, respiratory complications – incidence, prevalence, secretion removal, sleep apnea, smoking – incidence, prevalence, spirometry, synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation, TheraPep, tidal volume, tracheostomy, ventilator weaning, ventilatory capacity, ventilatory failure – incidence, prevalence
Sexual Health: autonomic dysreflexia, birth control, birthing, bladder + sex, bladder management + body image, bladder management + mitrofanoff, bladder management + sexual life, bladder management + suprapubic, body image, bowel + sex, Cesarean section, contraception, dysparunia, dyspareunia + infertility, ejaculation, ejaculatory disorder, electroejaculation, erection, female fertility, hypogonadism, ICSI, infertility + pregnancy, intercavernosal injection, intraurethral palette, intraurethro palette, urethra palette, IVF, labour, labour + delivery, marital, marital status + sexuality, menopause, menstruation, penile injection, post-partum, pregnancy, premature labour, semen quality, seminal emissions, sex, sex + depression, sex/sexual + foley catheter, sex/sexual + intermittent catheter, sexual adjustment, sexual changes, sexual function + medications, sexual functioning + foley catheter, sexual position, sexual relationships, sexual self-esteem, sexual self-views, sexuality, sexuality + depression, sperm/semen quality, sperm/semen retrieval, vacuum device, vaginal lubrication, Viagra, vibrator, vibrostimulation
Spasticity: botox, baclofen, spasticity, stimulation, movements, surgery
Syringomyelia: syringomyelia, syrinx, cystic myelopathy, shunt, untethering, spinal cord injury
Upper Limb: upper limb, FES and upper limb, exercise programs, upper limb injuries, splinting, specific researchers [Popovic…]
Venous Thromboembolism: deep venous thrombosis, vein thrombosis, DVT, VT, emboli, heparin, thromboembolism, vena cava filtration, venous ultrasound, venography, D-Dimer assay, pulmonary embolus, ventilation, spinal CT, anticoagulant.
Wheelchair and seating equipment: wheelchair, seating equipment, pressure mapping
Work and Employment: employment, supported employment, unemployment, employment status, employability, employment disabled, gainful employment, self employment, part time employment, temporary employment, employee assistance, employee assistance program, vocation, vocation assistance, vocational rehabilitation, vocational education, work resumption, workplace, return to work, work force, labor force, career assistance, career, job.